In English Poetry, What Is A Sonnet?

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Lucy Burroughs Profile
Lucy Burroughs answered

What is  meant by a sonnet?

A sonnet is a poem of fourteen lines that follows a strict rhyming pattern. The form originated in Italy in the 13th century, and although its invention is credited to Giacomo Da Lentini, it was Francesco Petrarta that popularised the form. Sonnets weren't written in English until the 16th century, but these English or Shakespearian sonnets are perhaps more well-known.

Characteristics of the English Sonnet

- 14 lines

- Iambic pentameter: A type of metre that consists of an unstressed syllable, followed by a stressed syllable. For example, 'the CAT is IN the TREE.'

- 10 syllables per line

- A strict rhyming scheme of ABAB/CDCD/EFEF/GG.

Famous Sonnet Writers

- William Shakespeare wrote over 150 sonnets, his most famous being Sonnet 18 (also known as 'Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day?')

- Italian poet Dante wrote many sonnets, although these were of the traditional Italian type that was popular at the time.

- Francesco Petrarta, after whom the Petrarchan sonnet is named. Petrarchan sonnets are usually written about unattainable or unrequited love.

aqsa anjum Profile
aqsa anjum answered
It is also type of subjective poetry it is the form of the lyric and of all its form is most care free order and bound by different rigid rules the word sonnet is derived from the greek word sonneto means a sound it's a short lyric of 14 lines and the italian poet, petrarch was the first to use this forum of the lyric to express his love for his beloved and laura and its use become a mark of petrarchan love poetry all over Europe in the sixteenth century, petrarch had divided his sonnets into two parts (1)the octave of 8 lines(2)sested of 6 lines with a pass after the 8th line,normally in actave some question is asked and in the second stanza sested answer is given.After petrarch,William shakespear and Milton wrote marvellows sonnets called shakspearian sonnets and milltonic sonnets,petrarch sonnet is seemed as ABBAABBA,this is called octave,CDE and CDE this is called sested according to petrarchan sonnets,and shakspearian sonnet is ABAB,CDCD this is called octave and EFEF,GG this is called sested.octave and sested are the basic units of sonnets.

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