Explain JRR Tolkien's Life, Retirement and Death?


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John Ronald Reuel Tolkien is an author renowned for his classics: ‘The Lord of the Rings' and ‘The Hobbit'. Through these, he made his contribution as an English writer, philologist, and poet. Tolkien was also well known as a Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon, and later as a Merton Professor of English Language and Literature while at Oxford University.

He also served his country during World War I by enlisting with the British army at the time of war. In 1969, Tolkien went into retirement but received much public attention and literary fame. At the time of his retirement, the sale of his book was so profitable that he regretted not having retired earlier. This was also the time when Tolkien was very popular, especially among the hippies in the United States.

Due to the attention that was accorded him, there came a time when he had to take his phone number out of the public directory to maintain his and his family's privacy. This caused John and his wife Edith to move to Bournemouth on the south coast.

On January 1, 1972, Tolkien was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II in the New Year's Honours List. Tolkien died on September 2, 1973 at the age of 81, exactly 21 months after the death of his wife Edith. He was interned in Wolvercote Cemetery, Oxford, next to his wife.

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