This type of art can be placed into different genres, each with their own expression style and theory. Although it is not completely known for sure what inspired the emergence of American Art, it is believed that it has evolved from Impressionism in America as well as gaining influence from European subjects Futurism, Surrealism, Modernism etc.
There are thought to be three main genres or classifications of American Art. Below is an explanation of each of the three types.
• American Synchronism - this was considered to be the most significant art movement in the United States. It was born out of Paris during the early twentieth century, taking a lot of inspiration from Cubism. The two artists that apparently encouraged the Synchronism movement are Morgan Russell and Stanton Macdonald-Wright.
• Abstract Expressionism - it is thought that the birth place of Abstract Expressionism was New York because this was where large abstract paintings, often with painterly gestures, were commonly found. Abstract Expressionism contains some very unique characteristics that are not found anywhere else such as the visibly large brush strokes and the strong gestures of color. Famous artists that used Abstract Expressionism include Helen Frankenthaler, Lee Krasner, Franz Kline and Robert Motherwell.
• Pop Art - this classification of American Art is perhaps the most well known one because of the effects that it has had on popular culture all over the world. Another reason for its popularity could be its use of popular name brands and famous celebrities as muses or subjects. Famous Pop Artists include Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns and Roy Lichtenstein. These people and many more are well known for using pop art with celebrities and brands such as Marilyn Monroe (film star), Mick Jagger (rock star) and famous figures on the social scene (Jackie Kennedy).