The basic characteristic of Roman paintings was the wide variety of subjects that it treated. These subjects included historical events, events from daily life, myths and portraits. These portraits reflect a chronological development of portraiture during the Imperial period in Rome.
In the sculpture, one prominent characteristic is that the Romans used the lost wax process for making bronze sculpture just like the Greek. This was done because they could easily be molded and that’s why they were preferred over marble.
In architecture, there was an emphasis on from decoration and buildings were concrete and had lesser doors and windows hence leaving a lot of wall space for decoration purposes. Other than that arches and vaults were very frequently used in the buildings.
Literature was basically the oratory type and it urged the people into public debate.