Juliet uses an analogy when she says, "a rose by any other name would smell as sweet" (2.2.43-44); her point is that Romeo's surname,"Montague," shouldn't matter. If a rose were called a "cabbage," it would still smell sweet; and even though Romeo's name is the name of her family enemy, he's still wonderful.
The term analogy applies to the cognitive process involving the transference of information from a specific subject (that is the analogue or source) to some other subject (called the target), as well as to a linguistic expression which corresponds to this process. In the general sense of the term, an analogy would simply refer to a category of word problem which you will frequently find on standardized tests.
Typically on such tests, you will be given one pair of words along with a second pair, with one word missing. You would thus be required to think of (or in most cases simply choose from alternatives) a word which could appropriately complete the second pair.
To give you an example, a simple analogy would be 'quilt : warm :: sprinter : fast'. In this instance the relationship shared by these words is descriptive such that the second word will actually describes the first word.
An analogy is the comparison between two things that are similar in some way. Examples of analogy are Book : Backpack:: (A) clothing : Dresser (B) china : Silver (C) documents : Portfolio (D) relic : Museum (E) research: Laboratory
Doctor is to patient as teacher is to student
Passport is to document as
A.step is to scuffle
b.punch is to assault
which is the best answer a. Or b. That describes an analogy
Marika is tu gay as the lesbian is to marika
I need examples of opposite analogies